Wolfgang Korsus Dipl.- Ing. NT , Astrophysiker
Now follows the first very simple observation:
Please go inside yourself, you are in a container of water of any size, a sea at a fixed temperature and without any external influences, now we dive deep inside, however it is far away from all limitations. Here there is only uniform water, yesterday, today and tomorrow; time thus becomes meaningless. The idea of space, I say, is in a way also, because a shift in our position, no matter in which direction, does not lead to any change in the world around us. And if this water were also located in interstellar space, then you wouldn’t feel the effects of gravity and there would be no up or down. Well, have you managed to imagine that so far?
The selected temperature of the water comes close to the boiling point, generally small vapor bubbles are formed, there are regions of lower density than the surrounding water. In a terrestrial environment, these bubbles would rise, escape into the air above the water surface and then expand further. That would be a very simple picture, and now let’s start, or rather let’s try to describe the creation of a world. Then our hot water would be the original medium, and each of the bubbles would later form a universe of some kind.
I call the example boiling water. Called example or variant 1.
Let’s continue, it can only get more interesting. As a precaution, I note that the water is very pure (pure water is water that is free of impurities, i.e. free of foreign and harmful substances. It contains no harmful chemicals, bacteria, viruses, pesticides, heavy metals or other harmful substances. Pure water is therefore chemically and biologically clean and safe for human consumption) and the walls of the container are very smooth, you can now raise the temperature above the boiling point, up to around 110 degrees Celsius, without anything happening.
Ask the technicians and you will get the answer: this is a boiling delay. The water is now in a so-called metastable state: any slightest shock or unevenness would cause a large bubble to form explosively, allowing the trapped water vapor to form and escape.
Now I look at the state after the escape. The density of the medium in the bubble naturally decreases ……more and more, so there is a time and a time direction.
We can certainly say that this was not the case before in the water. Water is water, whether today or tomorrow, there is no question of „time“. The bubble escapes and time only arises afterwards. In which processes then take place, the water molecules separate further and further from each other „in the course of time“ and move to ever more distant regions in the air. Our Big Bang was in some ways a comparable process, according to the experts today. But I’m not letting up, I’m looking at the situation a little more closely. Water has a normal state under defined conditions: at sea level, this is ice below zero degrees Celsius, liquid from zero to one hundred degrees, and vapor above one hundred degrees. The transitions from one normal state to another, such as melting or vaporization, are called phase transitions ……and I’ll go into more detail >>>
However, if you are careful enough, you can heat water up to ten degrees above its boiling point without it vaporizing! It is therefore still a liquid in a temperature range in which it should actually already be vapor. According to physics terminology, it is in a false normal state, and any >minor< disturbance then brings it into the correct state, namely water vapor. In the case of overheated water, the system is in an unstable state of artificially excessive energy, i.e. in the >false< normal state; the true normal state corresponds to >lower< energy, so that energy is released during the transition from the false to the true state and everything splashes apart. There are many examples of such situations in our daily world. Let me give you a well-known example, the ball on the mountain; here, too, the slightest vibration causes the ball to roll down into the plain. At the top, in the wrong, unstable state, it has a higher potential energy than it would have at rest at the bottom due to the gravitational pull of the earth. This higher energy of the ball is then transformed into kinetic kinetic energy as it rolls down. > The ball on the mountain <
Although our considerations so far are heading in the right direction, they are still based too much on our earthly world in various aspects. As you might expect, water is ultimately not so suitable as an image for the primordial medium in which the bubbles of emerging universes are formed. In particular, things look quite different in the cosmos because, as we know today, the universe is not static (pay attention again) but is expanding spatially more and more. Our earthly world only forms a static stage for the course of events, but the cosmos is (I say fortunately) not static. Distant galaxies are disappearing into ever greater distances as seen from us. Space as a whole is constantly expanding more and more, and although this expansion plays no role for us locally, it has enormously serious consequences on a large scale. Another example: Let’s imagine that we are on one side of a large hall and then walk towards the opposite door of this room, but at normal walking speed, i.e. at about one meter per second. If, as we walk, the room were to constantly expand at more than one meter per second, we would never reach the door. On the contrary, we would walk and walk at our usual local speed, but the door would still get further and further away. This can also be compared to a nimble beetle because it suffers a similar fate, trying to crawl from the equator to the North Pole on a balloon that is being inflated. Assuming a certain speed of expansion, the pole moves further and further away as it inflates, and it will never reach it despite its crawling forward. Remember: the beetle on the balloon! We can see from these examples that the course of events is fundamentally changed by a spatial expansion and can therefore become so. We are faced with the critical question of how the rate of expansion of space relates to the elapsed time of the spatiotemporal process in question. Before we get to the „cosmos level“, I must first address another essential problem: Why does the cosmos actually expand? There must be something that generates the expansion of the cosmos, because we know that gravity has an attractive effect between all celestial bodies and even, as we have known since Einstein, between agglomerations of normal energy. The mysterious medium that not only compensates for the gravitational pull but even generates expansion could be called
but experts usually refer to it as dark energy instead. Because I’m talking about experts, I know that at most these 30% are also referring to this dark energy. But I stick to the „cosmological view, where the so-called empty space is not empty, but evenly filled with an invisible energy, albeit of very low density, but this energy constantly drives it to further expansion.
What normally causes the energy density of such an expansion to fall is not the case here. Here it remains constant and always and everywhere has the same value, which is usually referred to as Ʌ = lambda. Let’s stay with this topic for good reasons and continue: At first glance, such a constancy hardly seems possible because if the total volume increases at a constant energy density, the total energy becomes more and more. Question, but where does this come from? One even tends to ask, „Isn’t this a violation of the conservation of energy“?